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Algorithmic corpus-based approaches to the typological comparison of languages

This project has been ended.

There is an extensive body of research available that uses corpora to investigate the structure of individual languages. However, there are not many studies on quantitative, corpusbased investigations of a world-wide typological nature. This project will develop quantitative corpus-based methods for large-scale linguistic comparison. To reach this goal, we propose that it suffices to obtain a good approximation of the structure of each individual language using the same algorithmic procedures for all languages alike. The goals of this project are threefold. First, we will prepare corpora of lesser-studied languages for typological comparisons. Because of the limited amount of research on these languages, these corpora will mainly be unannotated corpora. To be able to investigate unannotated corpora, we will also prepare a smaller amount of parallel corpora as a starting point for the automatic analysis. Second, this project will use existing algorithms and develop new algorithms to add (approximate) linguistic annotations and extract relevant statistics from the corpora, allowing for the automatic assessment of typological parameters concerning complex sentences. Finally, the main intrinsic goal of this project is to investigate how much linguistic knowledge of a language is needed to establish a particular typological parameter.

Partner: Michael Cysouw, Forschungszentrum Deutscher Sprachatlas. Philipps-Universität Marburg

Kontakt: Dr. Dirk Goldhahn, Prof. Dr. Uwe Quasthoff